Enuma Elish Poema Completo Pdf Download
The art historian, Ernst F. Schmidt, likened the Enuma Elish to the myths of other peoples (Schmidt, 1997). His conclusions are ahistorical, but there is a grain of truth in his statements. Just as the narratives of the Enuma Elish is an early example of literary composition, so, too, was it an example of analogical reasoning. Just as, in the Homeric epics, the gods use men as pawns to achieve their self-aggrandizement, so, in the Enuma Elish, Marduk uses mankind to achieve power. Just as the Biblical narratives were composed to answer questions, so, too, the Enuma Elish was composed to answer questions. In this case, the questions might read: Why was there chaos? Why was there light? Why did the nebula condense and become the stars? Why did the stars, planets, and lands emerge? And why are there humans? We can only answer these questions in terms of explanis (cause), not by invention. The Enuma Elish demonstrates the value of consulting primary sources – ancient literary texts – as a means of answering such questions.
The Enuma Elish begins with the story of creation, as it is told in many religions. This opening piece of narrative is the point of reference for the rest of the narrative. The point of departure is the primeval ocean (Tiamat), a chaotic, amorphous mass. In the Enuma Elish, a heavenly body (Anu, the sky) emerges from the primeval universe. Anu is the father of the planet order. Anu then causes the heavens to expand and a watery chaos fills the universe.
In the Enuma Elish, Marduk is the first god to create the water (Anu) and the sky (Enlil). In the other Mesopotamian creation story – the Epic of Gilgamesh, Enlil is the first god. In the Enuma Elish, Anu (sky god) then creates the heavens, and the worlds – earth, sea, and sky with Anu at the top of the heavens.